New York's Cooperative and Condominium Community

Habitat Magazine Insider Guide



With interest rates at record lows, many apartment owners and shareholders are looking to refinance their loans. That means copious amounts of paperwork, along with e-mails, phone calls, and faxes. But what does it mean for the board?

Some buildings take the position that if the bank is willing to lend the money, the board is willing to sign off on it without looking at the financials. Considering the shaky state of banking in recent years, some professionals suggest that a prudent board should take steps to protect the property's financial health.

A challenging aspect of co-op or condo board meetings is how to actually conduct them. Generally speaking, there is little statutory guidance or specific provisions explaining how they should go. As a result, some boards struggle with this. 

One of the biggest issues co-ops and condos will have to face in the near future is the end of No. 6 heating oil, which will be banned from the city's oil burners by July 2015. The city Department of Environmental Protection will stop issuing triennial certificates of operation for No. 6 oil burners this summer, and will stop those certificates for No. 4 oil in 2020.

If you're burning No. 6 or No. 4 oil, you should be making plans to switch over to a dual-fuel system as soon as possible. Con Edison offers incentive programs to make the switch, but Joseph McGowan, manager of gas customer solutions, says the next deadlines for applying will not be until spring 2013.

The outlook this year for your building's insurance costs? You'd better sit down: Michael Spain, president of the Spain Agency, predicts increases from 8 to 15 percent. "If a building has had a lot of claims in the last few years, it can be higher," he says. "If the building has had zero claims, it's going to be on the low side, but even with zero claims you're going to see some increase."

Spain recalls the case of one building where the premium went from $155,000 last year to $185,000 this year — a 19 percent hike. "That will certainly get their attention," he observes. But, by looking at the history of the building's payments, he can see that it got a great deal in the years from 2007 to 2011. "We think that if boards look at their historical costs, it may be more palatable," he says. It may be that it's going up now, but there were years where you saved some money."

Co-op shareholders and condo unit-owners sometimes have reason to get upset with their co-op board or condominium association. It might be about assessments, madcap spending, meanness or rudeness, unreasonable behavior, playing favorites, and directors doing things owners are not allowed to do, such breaking the rules. What  can a co-op / condo homeowner do? Or to put it another way, should a homeowner not do?

Co-ops and condos, which fall into the "Class 2" designation of the New York City tax code, were hit with a whopping a 13.353 percent tax rate for the first half of fiscal year 2011-2012 and a 13.513 percent for the second half.

What makes your taxes go up appreciably, of course, is not a boost in the tax rate, but rather your building's assessment. Eric Weiss, a tax certiorari attorney and a partner at Tuchman, Korngold, Weiss, Lippman & Gelles, says it is almost impossible to predict how much your building's assessment will rise. 

A monthly column by HABITAT's editorial director.

"Communication and cooperation always help avoid problems," attorney Stuart Saft, a partner at Holland & Knight, once said to me. Not everyone believes that.

I recently recalled an incident that occurred at my 22-unit cooperative some years ago. The sponsor held a long-term lease on a laundromat on the ground floor. It was a dirty and rundown space run by a jovial but rarely seen manager named Carlos. You saw more of his mother, a short, heavily wrinkled woman with squinty eyes and a screechy voice. She didn't speak, she SHOUTED, all in broken English, as she threw slabs of raw meat to a half-blind German shepherd that lay on the store's floor all day. In those pre-laundry card days, you'd need quarters, but she rarely had change. In addition, half of the machines seemed to be permanently out of order.

Board Service: Finding an $89K Water Credit — And Then Actually Getting It

Written by Joni Peltz, Board President, Hilltop Village Cooperative No. 3. One in an occasional series of real-life stories by board members about serving on co-op and condo boards. on June 12, 2012

Hilltop Village Cooperative, Hollis, Queens

As a child in 1955, I moved into Hilltop Village Cooperative No. 3 — two seven-story buildings, with 100 units per building, in Hollis, Queens.

It's 57 years later, and I have now spent the last six years as board president. Hard to believe, yet true!

A reader writes: A shareholder in our co-op has moved out and now has a subtenant who went through all the proper co-op channels. Now this subtenant wants to bring in an unrelated roommate. Can the board require this new person to apply like the original subtenant, or is the original subtenant covered under the applicable New York City law?


New York State adopted the colloquially titled Roommate Law — formally, New York Real Property Law, Section 235f, "Unlawful Restrictions on Occupancy") in 1983 in part to deal with widespread controversies regarding subleasing. Early on, the courts decided that the Roommate Law applies to co-ops, which operate under a proprietary lease.

Condo and co-op management is about more than property: It is also about people.

Ask the Experts

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Learn all the basics of NYC co-op and condo management, with straight talk from heavy hitters in the field of co-op or condo apartments

Professionals in some of the key fields of co-op and condo board governance and building management answer common questions in their areas of expertise

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