New York's Cooperative and Condominium Community

Habitat Magazine Business of Management 2021




Residents Should Be Involved, to a Point. How to Avoid Their Usurping Authority

Dennis H. Greenstein in Board Operations on November 1, 2012

New York State

Limits of Resident Involvement
Nov. 1, 2012

Typically, the bylaws of co-op corporations provide that written petitions containing at least 25 percent of the outstanding shares of the cooperative can demand that a special meeting of the shareholders be called by the board for the purposes set forth in the petition. Some of the petitions received did not contain the signatures representing at least that number of outstanding shares. Others had called for a discussion but no other action.

Further, the bylaws and Business Corporation Law state that the only business that can be conducted is that which is stated in the notice of the meeting. Shareholders may be demanding that they (the shareholders) vote on matters at the special meeting upon which only the board has the authority to act. 

There are certain powers of the board that should not or cannot be delegated. Boards cannot delegate the financial decisions of the building, such as voting on the operating budget. While shareholders are free to express their views to the boards, board members are elected and given authority and the fiduciary obligation to make decisions that they deem best for the building.

Legal Lesson 

Boards must evaluate when and what information to provide shareholders of actions that will be taken and, in some instances, why they are taking those actions, and how some or all of the apartment owners will be affected.

Certain board powers

cannot be delegated,

such as making financial

decisions for the building.

For example, if contractors are to begin exterior work on the property, the residents should be notified of the approximate duration and how it will affect them. However, it is important that the board not permit the shareholders to usurp its authority or its powers in matters relating to, among other things, financing and operating the building. There also may be situations where confidentiality is necessary in order to protect the board from personal liability and the information demanded by the shareholders cannot be provided.

Board members must accept that some decisions will be difficult and unpopular. The building's attorney should assist in the preparation of written communications to shareholders and where necessary meet with them to provide an objective viewpoint of the reasoning for certain board actions.

Making calm and sensible decisions about what information to provide will go a long way in most instances. This will, hopefully, avoid needless controversy and the consumption of a significant amount of board time that could be better spent in dealing with the matters necessary to operating the building.

This advice is also applicable to condominiums.


Dennis H. Greenstein is a partner at Seyfarth Shaw.

Photo by Carol Ott

For more, see our Site Map or join our Archive >>

Ask the Experts

learn more

Learn all the basics of NYC co-op and condo management, with straight talk from heavy hitters in the field of co-op or condo apartments

Professionals in some of the key fields of co-op and condo board governance and building management answer common questions in their areas of expertise

Source Guide

see the guide

Looking for a vendor?