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How to Enact Building-Wide Smoking Bans in Co-op and Condos

Matthew J. Leeds in Board Operations on January 17, 2013

New York City

Enacting Smoking Bans
Jan. 17, 2013

Condo and co-op boards frequently must deal with complaints from owners that excessive smoke is migrating from inside other owners' apartments. Now, many such boards feel that the only solution is to go the next step. 

Before resorting to a total ban, we have seen management explore physical measures, such as installing air purifiers, adding insulation or plugging holes in walls (even just from cabinets that have been hung), often at the expense of the smoker. Sometimes, a solution can be brokered for the smokers to limit the locations in their own apartments where they smoke to minimize the migration of smoke.

Sometimes, there are fines. Sometimes, there are private actions for nuisance or otherwise by one owner directly against the smoking neighbor. In one instance, a board sought an injunction against a smoker who refused to cooperate with any helpful measures (and, of course, the behavior was also held as a default under the proprietary lease that could lead to cancellation of the shares and lease).

Legal Lesson

When a building is interested in a total ban, what does the board do? It looks into an outright ban on smoking, even within apartments. Management will examine if this is politically of interest to the building. This can include informal surveys and "town hall meetings." They will usually consider how value might be affected: do more people want to avoid limiting the universe of potential purchasers, or do they feel that there is additional value in a smoke-free building?

Boards' attorneys should look for the authority to act. This is usually found in the constituent documents of the building: the proprietary lease in a co-op and the bylaws in a condo. Often, it is necessary to amend these, typically involving a vote of a supermajority of owners.


Matthew J. Leeds is a partner at Ganfer & Shore.

Photo by Carol Ott

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